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Caithness Biodiversity Index

Nature & Environment Index

The Sutherland Biodiversity Action Plan - October 2003
LOCAL PRIORITY SPECIES

Local Priority Species
Sutherland contains a number of additional species that are rare or scarce in either Highland or Britain as a whole, and these Ďlocal priority speciesí are listed below. We have also included a number of species that although not rare or scarce nationally, are rare in Sutherland. Further details of locally important species are available from the Highland Biodiversity Officer.

Scientific name:

Common name: Habitat:
Amphibians    
Bufo bufo Common toad Freshwater
Bees & Wasps    
Bombus muscorum a Bumble bee  
Beetles    
Carabus clatratus a Ground beetle Moorland
Nebria nivalis a Ground beetle Mountain
Birds    
Alca torda
Ardea cinerea
Bucephala clangula
Cephus grylle
Clangula hyemalis
Corvus corax
Falco peregrinus
Fratercula artica
Fulmarus glacialis
Gavia artica
Gavia immer
Gavia stellata
Hydrobatus pelagicus
Larus argentatus
Larus fuscus
Melanita fusca
Melanitta nigra
Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Phalacrocorax carbo
Rissa tridactyla
Somateria mollissima
Tadorna tadorna
Uria aalge
Anas acuta
Anas clypeata
Anas crecca
Anser anser
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anus penelope
Arenaria interpres
Aythya ferina
Aythya marila
Branta leucopsis
Calidris alba
Calidris alpina
Calidris canutus
Calidris maritima
Carduelis flavirostris
Charadrius hiaticula
Cygnus cygnus
Cygnus olor
Emberiza schoeniclus
Gallinago gallinago
Gallinula chloropus
Haematopus ostralegus
Larus canus
Larus ridibundus
Limosa lapponica
Limosa limosa
Locusella maevia
Razorbill
Grey heron
 Goldeneye
Black guillemot
Long-tailed duck
Raven
Peregrine
Puffin
Fulmar
Black-throated diver
 Great northern diver
Red-throated diver
Storm petrel
Herring gull
 Lesser black-backed gull
Velvet scoter
Common scoter
Shag
Cormorant
Kittiwake
Eider
Shelduck
Guillemot
Pintail
Shoveler
Teal
Greylag goose
Pink footed goose
Wigeon
Turnstone
Pochard
Scaup
Barnacle goose
Sanderling
Dunlin
Knot
Purple sandpiper
Twite
Ringed plover
Whooper swan
Mute swan
Reed bunting
Snipe
Moorhen
Oystercatcher
Common gull
Black headed gull
Bar-tailed godwit
Black-tailed godwit
Grasshopper warbler
Sea & coast
 Sea & coast, Freshwater
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast,  Moorland, Mountain
Sea & coast, Moorland
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast, Freshwater
Sea & coast, Freshwater
Sea & coast, Freshwater, Moorland
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast, Freshwater, Moorland
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Sea & coast
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater, Moorland
Freshwater, Farm & Croft, Moorland
Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Freshwater, Moorland
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater, Moorland
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Freshwater
Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Freshwater
 Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Freshwater
Numenius arquata Curlew Freshwater, Farm & Croft, Moorland
Pandion haliaetus Osprey Freshwater
Philomachus pugnax Ruff Freshwater
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow bunting Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Pluvialis squatarola Grey plover Freshwater
Podiceps auritus Slavonian grebe Freshwater
Porzana porzana Spotted crake Freshwater
Rallus aquaticus Water rail Freshwater
Riparia riparia Sand martin Freshwater
Sterna albifrons Little tern Freshwater
Sterna hirundo Common tern Freshwater
Sterna paradisaea Arctic tern Freshwater
Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich tern Freshwater
Tringa nebularia Greenshank Freshwater, Moorland
Tringa totanus Redshank Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Vanellas vanellas Lapwing Freshwater, Farm & Croft
Alauda arvensis Skylark Farm & Croft
Anthus pratensis Meadow pipit Farm & Croft, Moorland
Carduelis carduelis Goldfinch Farm & Croft
Carduelis chloris Greenfinch Farm & Croft
Carduelis flavirostris Linnet Farm & Croft, Roadside
Coturnix coturnix Quail Farm & Croft
Crex crex  Corncrake Farm & Croft
Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch Farm & Croft
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling Farm & Croft
Hirundo rustica Swallow Farm & Croft
Miliaria calandra Corn bunting Farm & Croft
Perdix perdix Grey partridge Farm & Croft
Pluvialis apricaria Golden plover Farm & Croft
Sturnus vulgaris Starling Farm & Croft, Urban
Turdus iliacus Redwing Farm & Croft, Woodland
Turdus pilaris Fieldfare Farm & Croft, Woodland
Turdus viscivorus Mistle thrush Farm & Croft, Woodland
Anthus pratensis Tree pipit Woodland
Asio flammeus Short-eared owl Woodland, Moorland
Asio otus Long eared owl Woodland
Circus cyaneus Hen harrier Woodland, Moorland
Falco columbarius Merlin Woodland, Moorland
Falco tinnunculus Kestrel Woodland
Loxia curvirostra Crossbill Woodland
Muscicapa striata Spotted flycatcher Woodland
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Redstart Woodland
Phyloscopus sibilatrix Wood warbler Woodland
Phyloscopus trochilus Willow warbler Woodland
Pyrrhula pyrrhula Bullfinch Woodland
Regalus regalus Goldcrest Woodland
Scolopax rusticola Woodcock Woodland
Tetrao tetrix Black grouse Woodland, Moorland
Turdus philomelos Song thrush Woodland
Tyto alba Barn owl Woodland
Aquila chrysaetos Golden eagle Moorland, Mountain
Cuculus canorus Cuckoo Moorland
Lagopus lagopus Red grouse Moorland
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel Moorland
Pluvialis apricaria Golden plover Moorland
Saxicola torquata Stonechat Moorland
Stercorarius parasiticus Arctic skua Moorland
Stercorarius skua Great skua Moorland
Charadrius morinellus Dotterel Mountain
Lagopus mutus Ptarmigan Mountain
Turdus torquatus Ring ouzel Mountain
Apus apus Swift Urban
Delochon urbica House martin Urban
asser domesticus House sparrow Urban
Emberiza citronella Yellowhammer Roadside
Passer montanus Tree sparrow Roadside
Prunella modularis Dunnock Roadside
Butterflies & Moths    
Hipparchia semele Grayling Coast
Coenonympha tullia Large heath Moorland
Erebia aethiops Scotch argus Moorland
Crustaceans    
Homarus gammarus Common lobster Marine
Palinurus elephas Crawfish Marine
Fish    
Salmo salar Atlantic salmon Freshwater / Marine
Salmo trutta Sea trout Freshwater / Marine
Salmo trutta Brown trout Freshwater
Salvelinus alpinus Arctic char Freshwater
Mammals    
Myotis daubentoni Daubentonís bat Freshwater
Neomys fodiens Water shrew Freshwater
Martes martes Pine martin Woodland
Felis sylvestris Wild cat Mountain
Mustela erminea Stoat Mountain
Plecotus auritus Brown long-eared bat Built environment
Molluscs    
Cochlicella acuta Pointed snail Coast
Helicella itala Heath snail Coast
Pupilla muscorum Moss chrysalis snail Coast
Vallonia costata Ribbed grass snail Coast
  Button ramís horn Freshwater
  Freshwater pea mussel Freshwater
Mosses & Liverworts    
Geocalyx graveolens a Liverwort Coast
Pellia borealis a Liverwort Freshwater
Anastrophyllum joergensenii a Liverwort Mountain
Mastigophora woodsii a Liverwort Mountain
Bryum marrattii a Moss Coast
Bryum salinum a Moss Coast
Myurium hochstetteri a Moss Coast
Sanionia orthothecioides a Moss Coast
Hygrohypnum dilatatum a Moss Freshwater
Brachythecium compactum a Moss Mountain
Campylopus shawii a Moss Mountain
Paraleucobryum longifolium a Moss Mountain
Pohlia andalusica a Moss Mountain
Pseudoleskella nervosa a Moss Mountain
Rhychostegium alopecuroides a Moss Mountain
Seligeria trifaria a Moss Mountain
Sphagnum fuscum a Bog-moss Mountain
Sphagnum majus a Moss Mountain
Amblystegium varium a Moss Limestone areas
Bryum mildeanum a Moss Limestone areas
Conardia compacta a Moss Limestone areas
Hypnum bambergeri a Moss Limestone areas
Rhychostegiella teneriffae a Moss Limestone areas
Tortella densa a Moss Limestone areas
Reptiles    
Anguis fragilis Slow worm Moorland
Vipera berus Adder Moorland
Spiders    
Larinioides patagiatus an Orb-web spider Freshwater
Vascular plants    
Carex maritima

Carex recta

Euphrasia foulaensis

Euphrasia marshallii

Hieracium fulvocaesium

Hieracium pauculidens

 Juncus balticus

Ophioglossum azoricum

Oxytropis halleri

Primula scotica

Vicia orobus

Carex chordorhiza

Isoetes echinospora

Nuphar pumila

Cephalanthera longifolia

Moneses uniflora

Neottia nidus-avis

Ajuga pyramidalis

Alchemilla glaucescens

Arctostaphylos alpinus

Arenaria norvegica ssp norvegica

Asplenium septentrionale

Betula nana

Carex capillaris

Carex rupestris

Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp cruenta

Dactylorhiza lapponica

Deschampsia setacea

Diphasiastrum issleri

Hieracium diversidens

Hieracium kennethii

Hieracium mucronellum

Hieracium pollinarium

Hieracium prolixum

Luzula arcuata

Minuartia rubella

Minuartia rubella

Minuartia sedoides

Poa glauca

Rhynchospora fusca

Salix myrsinites

Salix reticulata

Saxifraga nivalis

Sorbus rubicola

Dryas octapetala

Epipactis atrorubens

Gymnocarpium robertianum

Curved sedge

Estuarine sedge

an Eyebright

an Eyebright

a Hawkweed

a Hawkweed

Baltic rush

Small adderís tongue

Purple oxytropis

Scottish primrose

Wood bitter-vetch

String sedge

Spring quillwort

Least water-lily

Narrow-leaved helleborine

One-flowered wintergreen

Birdís nest orchid

Pyramidal bugle

a Ladyís mantle

Arctic bearberry

Arctic sandwort

Forked spleenwort

Dwarf birch

Hair sedge

Rock sedge

Early marsh orchid

Lapland orchid

Bog hair-grass

Yellow cypress clubmoss

a Hawkweed

a Hawkweed

a Hawkweed

a Hawkweed

a Hawkweed

Curved wood-rush

Mountain sandwort

Mountain sandwort

Cyphel

Glaucous meadow-grass

Brown beak-sedge

Whortle-leaved willow

Net-leaved willow

Alpine saxifrage

Rock whitebeam

Mountain avens

Dark red helleborine

Limestone fern

Coast

Coast

Coast

Coast / Freshwater

Coast

Coast

Coast

Coast

Coast

Coast

Coast

Freshwater / Mountain

Freshwater

Freshwater

Woodland

Woodland

Woodland

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Mountain

Limestone areas

Limestone areas

Limestone areas